History of éthio-French collaboration
Éthio-French collaboration enjoys a rich and deep history. From 1907, with the creation of the éthio-French alliance of Addis Ababa and then that of Dire Dawa, as well as with the beginning of the franco-Ethiopian railway in 1945, links of collaboration did not cease being weaved between Ethiopia and France. These links increased in 1947 with the creation of the franco-Ethiopian secondary school Guébré Mariam (LGM). The collaboration between France and Ethiopia knew a remarkable expansion between the beginning of 1960s and the end of the reign of the emperor Hailé Sélassié, in 1974. On the plan of education, these years were marked by the building of the new places of LGM and launching of an ambitious program of education of French in the secondary. In this frame, a school of training of the masters as well as a College of higher education of urban development (ESAU) were created in Addis Ababa. The collaboration in juridical domain allowed the writing of the Civil code in 1960 thanks to competition of Pr. René David.
The big front-door of the legation of France in Ethiopia by 1934
Under the communist regime of the Derg, from 1974 till 1991, éthio-French collaboration was considerably decelerated. She will know a resurgence from 1993 with the opening of an office of the French Agency of development (AFD) and the signature of an outline agreement concerning food help. Decided by the coeducational Commission of 1997, the entrance of Ethiopia in the Zone of priority solidarity (ZSP) in 2000 allowed to develop bilateral relation in a very significant way thanks to the use of the Fund of priority solidarity (FSP).
Today, éthio-French bilateral relation rests on following principles:
Take into account preferences defined by Ethiopian authorities, notably as part of Plan for the eradication of poverty and for a lasting development (Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty-PASDEP);
Harmonize her action with that of the other lessors for a better complementarity;
Search the value added: by aiming, by pilot programs, at the improvement of policies in key areas such as education, justice, water and urban development and implementing a supplementary action of that of our partners as well as of main multilateral lessors: European Commission, World Bank and United Nations;
Favour founding actions likely to create markets or norms correspondent to the French approach of lasting development, gouvernance and respective roles of the private and public areas;
Promote the situation of Addis Ababa as centre of the French-speaking world, seat of the Africain Union (UA) and the economic Commission for Africa (FRENCH ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY / BARE);
Reinforce the society: it is a question of favouring assistance to the not governmental local Organizations (ONG), notably by a partnership with French ONG, and collaboration with the organizations of the cooperative or private area which participate in the debate on economic policies as well as on gouvernance good;
Take into account the regional dimension, notably in the resource management and the organization of markets;
Support decentralized collaboration: as shows it the success of collaboration between Harar and Charleville-Mézières, between Debre-Behran and Blanc-Mesnil, or else between the region of Fejej and the department of Alpes-Maritimes.
The Document Fits of Partnership
A Document fits of partnership (DCP) between Ethiopia and France, was signed in November, 2006 between the Ethiopian Minister of Finance and economic development and French minister of Collaboration. The sum of this partnership is understood between 67 and 79 million euro for period 2006-2010. Both discreet areas of concentration, which raise Objectives of the millennium for development (OMD), and that represent 80 % of French help are:
Water and cleaning up, for instance, by means of the potable water supply of Addis Ababa as well as Debre Berhan, of actions of irrigation and integrated management operated at the level of waters of Nile (Basin of Abay);
The development of urban facilities: urban growth and management of waste in Addis Ababa.
Three areas except concentration were also kept: support to the productive area (horticulture), the protection of environment as well as biodiversity, and health. The actions of collaboration driven in these domains are implemented French side by AFD, under the supervision of the ministry of Foreign Affairs and European (MAEE) and from the ministry of Economy, finances and industry.
Beyond these areas of concentration, France follows transverse actions in three priority domains:
Support to the strengthening of the gouvernance: reform of right and justice, local development via a support of the secondary cities, and support to the society;
Support of higher education and research via the development of the university of Addis Ababa;
Promotion of the French-speaking world and cultural diversity.
Finally, the development of the society and the taking into account of the equality of sexes constitute transverse preferences which contribute to development and to gouvernance good.
Éthio-French cultural and instructive network
(2) The éthio-French alliance (AEF) of Addis Ababa
(3) The éthio-French alliance (AEF) of Dire Dawa
(4) The Centre Frenchman of Ethiopian studies (CFEE)