Culture and leisures
In 2007, the ministry of Culture had a budget of 3.2 billion Euros. The financing of culture rose by some 12.6 billion Euros. 49.7% of which was provided by the State and 50,3% the local government agencies.
The French households spend on average 1,385 Euros per year on culture, leisures, sport and plays.
In 2006,65,298 titles of books were published, including 33.460 new titles and 31.738 reprinting, adding up to 512 million copies.
396 million books were sold by 277 publishers. Turnover (2006): 2.9 billion Euros.
Newsstand in Paris.
27 % of the French read a daily newspaper every day among 10 national titles and 109 regional titles.
The yearly total number of news paper printed: 4,7 billion copies.
Among the first hundred, eight have a printing higher than 1 million copies and ten a printing more than 500.000 copies.
With 460 copies sold for 1,000 inhabitants, the French are the leading magazines readers in the world.
Television remains the main leisure of the French people, the intermediate duration of listening is about 3 a.m. 24 per day and anybody.
The French audiovisual landscape has dozens of television channels:
5 national public channels: France 2, France 3, France 4, France 5 (educational broadcast channel) and France O (first French multicultural channel).
Arte (Franco-German cultural chain).
France 24 channel and interrupted International news in French broadcast and Arabic. French international information uninterrupted; diffused in French, English and Arabic.
3 private national channels: TF1, M6 and Canal Plus (channel with a number of 5.14 million subscribers on the French market and 6.8 million on the international market)
Dozens of channels are available on the networks of the cable, ADSL and TNT (digital terrestrial television). The number of homes connected to the TNT by 2006 was 6 million compared with approximately 5 million for the cable and the ADSL.
Countless numbers of multi channel packages that can be picked up bouquet of chains by satellite (Satellite Channel, TPS…).
TV5 and International Channel France (CFI) are the two operators of audio-visual activity outside of France.
The Radio France company brings together the broadcasting channels of the public service: France Inter, uninterrupted News Channel, France Culture, France Musique, France Blue, FIP and Mouv’ (intended for youth).
The private sector is represented by RTL (the most listened to station radio in France), Europe 1 and Radio Monte Carlo, general channels and a string of musical radios, sets of themes, associative and regional station broadcasting on emitting frequency modulation.
Radio France Internationale (RFI) (44 million listeners around the world), Monte Carlo Doualiya broadcasting Close relations and the Middle East, and Medi 1, broadcasting to Maghreb countries, forum the system of broadcast action outside France.
Useful link: www.rfi.fr
Data processing and multi-media
A cybercafé in Paris. 77 % of
connections to Internet carried out from
residence and 38 % at the place
While the computer is considered primarily as a professional tool used by 80 % of the French, it increasingly finding its way into homes: 55 % are equipped with computers and 46% connected to Internet (including high banc 80%).
“New form of access to knowledge”, the Internet quickly won over the French, more than 20 million of who to use it at school, the work place or their residence.
The development of the Internet in France had a fast and noticeable growth in a few years: each institution, daily newspaper, administration or company has its site, covering a wide range of themes (sport, education, services, cinema…).
The gates of the suppliers of access (such as Wanadoo of the France Telecom group) and the sites of services are there.
France, which invented the cinematograph in 1895, remains very dynamic in this sector. 203 films were produced there in 2006 (ranked second in world for the cinematographic investments).
62,5 % of the French go to the cinema at least once in the year and 33 % at least once a month. Equipped with 5366 cinemas - including 140 multiplex - France is one of the countries which has the densest network of rooms.
Music and dance
France has 11,300 stage actors and dancers, 16,200 music and song artists, 250 festivals of music, lyric art and dance, 8.700 variety artists.
In addition, the amateurs are becoming increasingly numerous because of the recent single most important development of the teaching of these two disciplines (4 300 specialized institutions for the musical field alone).
Some 33.300 representations a year ( national theatres, drama centers, private national scenes and theatres) attract 7.5 million regular audiences. In the margin of the large scenes of Paris, its suburbs, provincial towns and famous festivals such as those of Avignon, the country saw the development of more than one thousand independent theatrical companies.
16% of French people over 15 years of age go to the thêatre at least once per year.
Museums and monuments
Photograph: F. Walls/M.A.E. Museum of modern art of the Pompidou center. Some 1.200 museums attract more than 41 million visitors every year.
Louvre, the Palace of Versailles and the museum of Orsay alone play host to nearly 16 million people each year.
The majority of the provincial towns also have one or more museums. In addition, more than 2.400 monuments are opened to the public (7 million visitors a year), the Eiffel tower being the most visited with 6.7 million visitors per year. Lastly, some 42.300 buildings are protected by the ministry of Culture under the historic buildings protection scheme.
The practice of sport has developed significantly in recent years. There are nearly 16 million youths in the sporting federations: football and tennis are the two sports that bring together the most youths. Judo, the game of bowls, horsemanship, badminton and golf have been in the last few years a major success. Just like discovery or adventure sport such as cycling on any ground, excursion, climbing, the paragliding, the canoe-kayak, etc which are attracting more and more followers.
Celebration of Internet, Heritage Days, Music Day, Reading festival, Celebration of science, are as many cultural and entertaining events the French like to divide. Their success is each year renewed.
the Days of the inheritance open with the visit historic buildings (ministries, embassies, companies, banks) which are usually closed with the public.
The Festival of science aims to inform of the evolution of science and its implications for the company.
Event centered on the topic of the book and the reading, Lire in festival organizes meetings with writers, workshops of writing, contests of news and makes discover the trades of the book.
The Festival of the Internet sensitizes the public with the stakes of the company of information.
The Week of the taste makes it possible to discover the French culinary inheritance while developing the balanced food behaviors.